In Germany there are some regulations concerning fire protection. All public buildings must have emergency exits marked, fire extinguishers provided and fire doors installed. But it can also make sense to install a fire door in your private household. A fire door increases your own safety in case of a fire massively. Not only does a fire door keep the source of the fire within a certain area, it also gives you and your family enough time to escape and alert the fire brigade.
With our large fire protection door test 2020 we want to help you to find the best fire protection door for you. We have prepared information about the fire resistance classes, the functions and the various extensions for you. We have also listed the advantages and disadvantages of fire doors. This should make your decision as easy as possible.
The most important facts in brief
- Before installing your fire door, you should find out exactly which regulations there are and which fire door is the right one for you.
- There are different fire resistance classes that you should pay attention to and which give you information about how long a fire door can withstand a fire.
- If you want to buy a fire door, you should also consider whether you need smoke protection or burglary protection for your fire door. There are multi-purpose or security doors for this purpose.
Fire door test: The editors’ favourites
- The best all-round fire door
- The best middle class fire door
- The best premium fire door
The best all-round fire door
The Hörmann fire door H8-5 is our choice in the category of all-round fire door. With a fire resistance class of T30, the fire-resistant protection of this fire door lasts for 30 minutes. This should be fully sufficient for your home. The fire door can be installed in both concrete and masonry. Included in delivery: Frame, door leaf, fire-resistant seal, lock, spring hinge bolt and a fire-resistant handle set in black.
The best middle class fire door
The HT8-D fire protection door from Teckentrup is a strong item in the mid-range of fire protection doors. The fire door also offers T30 fire resistance and can be used on both left and right. Unfortunately, the HT8-D does not provide smoke protection, but is included in the scope of delivery: door leaf incl. corner frame, door lock, bolts, ball bearing, seal and a round handle handle set.
The best premium fire door
In the area of the Premium fire protection door we have a fire protection door of fire resistance class T90, which means that this door would withstand a fire for 90 minutes. The fire door also contains a smoke protection. So with this door you are well prepared in case of a fire. The fire door can be built into concrete, brickwork and aerated concrete
Advisor: Questions you should deal with before you buy a fire door
For whom is a fire door suitable?
In principle, a fire door is something for everyone who owns a house or condominium. However, many people are reluctant to buy a fire door because of its appearance, if they are not obliged to do so. For them, the idea of a fire door is that of a steel door that does not really fit into the overall picture.
However, this view is outdated, as fire doors are also available in wood or glass optics; as long as they fulfil the properties of DIN EN 16034, they are considered fire doors.
How does a fire door work?
Fire protection doors fulfil several tasks simultaneously. On the one hand, in the event of a fire, the doors close automatically and thus contain the fire in a certain area. This helps you to keep yourself and others safe and slows down the spread of the fire.
Not every, but many, fire doors are also smoke-tight. This slows down the development of smoke. Caution: fire doors should be accurately adjusted by a professional to ensure that they close perfectly.
Where are fire doors mandatory?
You will find very precise regulations on the subject of fire protection in the fire regulations specific to the federal states. However, it can be stated that fire protection doors are mainly prescribed in public buildings, such as schools, universities, retirement homes, hotels, hospitals and office buildings. In general, buildings with a high visitor frequency must comply with special fire protection regulations.
In your own household, for example, you may have to install a fire door between your home and your garage. You should therefore inform yourself from the outset about the respective regulations for your specific situation.
What do the different fire door classes mean?
If you want to buy a fire door in Germany, you will quickly stumble across several different names that have become commonplace in German DIY stores. These are the so-called fire resistance classes. These indicate how long a fire door must withstand a fire, but not the smoke.
The fire resistance class you need depends on how the building is used and what kind of wall it is. If you choose a fire door with glazing, the glass must have the same fire resistance class as the door itself.
How much does a fire door weigh?
Fire doors can be either single-wing, i.e. a normal door, or double-wing, i.e. a double door. Single-wing doors weigh between 40 and 120 kg, depending on their exact dimensions. Double doors can weigh between 200 and 500 kg.
Can a fire door be retrofitted?
You can also retrofit a fire door. There are a few things you should check before you install it. The type of wall plays an important role: you should find out if it is masonry, concrete or similar. In many buildings there are different types of walls.
You should therefore check whether the wall is approved for the construction of the fire door. If you want to be on the safe side, it is best to contact a craftsman. Then you are always on the safe side.
What does a fire door cost?
The costs for a single-wing fire door can be between 200€ to 700€. Here it always depends on the material and size of the doors. Double-leaf doors range from 900€ to 2600€. Prices can vary greatly depending on the material, size and type.
What are the alternatives to a fire door?
An alternative that exists to a fire door would be a smoke control door, but it only retains the smoke of a fire. Depending on the position of the door, it may make sense to install only a smoke protection door. In various cases there are also so-called security doors, which can also be a fire door if so designated. In addition to fire protection, security doors also offer protection against burglars.
What distinguishes a fire door and what are its advantages and disadvantages
A fire door has one main purpose and this is to prevent the spread of fire. As an added benefit, some fire doors can also prevent the spread of toxic smoke and provide burglary protection. By stopping the fire, the fire brigade can be enabled to limit the extinguishing work to a certain area and thus cause as little damage as possible.
High sense of security
Many available variants
Fire and smoke cannot spread
Can sometimes be very expensive
Difficult to install
Visually mostly not appealing
Purchase criteria: You can use these factors to compare and evaluate fire doors
- Smoke protection
- Intrusion protection
For you, as for many others, price is a decisive factor. You like to know what’s in store for you. The bottom line is that the prices for fire doors are very different. The biggest differences are due to the dimensions and the equipment.
The majority of fire protection doors are 200 cm high, the widths can be chosen in different dimensions. Fire doors with glass windows often cost more than the standard versions.
If you want to buy a cheap fire door, you should nevertheless make sure that any specifications are adhered to. It is also important to mention the installation of the fire door and the costs involved.
Especially in your own home, the appearance of the fire door is also important. Fire protection doors are available in different materials. The metal versions are probably the most common, but there are also some other versions of fire doors.
Wooden fire doors in steel frames can contribute to a warmer atmosphere inside the building.
Not every fire door also offers effective smoke protection. In any case, we recommend that you choose a fire door that also protects against smoke. Smoke protection doors are available, just like fire protection doors,
in various designs and materials and must also be approved for your wall.
If you inhale toxic smoke more than three times, it may already be too late and you have carbon monoxide poisoning. These three breaths can be fatal!
Another important point is whether the fire door provides protection against burglars. While fire doors generally appear solid and impenetrable, locks are usually kept very simple and can offer little protection against professional burglars.
If you are building a new house or want to renovate your home, you should try to install a fire door with burglary protection. Here you can also deliver with a cross bolt lock.
You can buy various accessories for fire doors. For example, there are lever handle sets with which you can design the door knobs and lock differently.
In addition, various other cylinders for the lock, as well as rain bars or bottom seals are also available. The offer varies greatly depending on the model and manufacturer.
Trivia: Worth knowing facts about fire doors
How often must a fire door be serviced?
As your life may depend on the functionality of your fire door in case of fire, you should regularly maintain and check your fire door. The manufacturers of fire doors usually provide you with instructions on how their components should be serviced and how often they should be serviced.
You should follow these instructions in any case. If you notice any shortcomings, you should correct them in no time.
How do I dispose of a fire door?
From place to place there may be different regulations for disposal. The best thing to do is to contact your local waste disposal company and find out whether there is a collection point for recyclable materials that deals with items that are problematic to dispose of. Disposal may incur costs.
If your fire door is a very old door from the 60s or 70s, it may contain asbestos and must be disposed of in one piece as hazardous waste. Modern fire doors generally do not contain asbestos.
Is a fire door secured against burglary?
It always depends on what your fire door is declared as. There are so-called multi-purpose doors or security doors, which can contain burglar protection. You should be able to get more information from the seller or on the product page.
Table of Contents
- 1 The most important facts in brief
- 2 Fire door test: The editors’ favourites
- 3 Advisor: Questions you should deal with before you buy a fire door
- 3.1 For whom is a fire door suitable?
- 3.2 How does a fire door work?
- 3.3 Where are fire doors mandatory?
- 3.4 What do the different fire door classes mean?
- 3.5 How much does a fire door weigh?
- 3.6 Can a fire door be retrofitted?
- 3.7 What does a fire door cost?
- 3.8 What are the alternatives to a fire door?
- 3.9 What distinguishes a fire door and what are its advantages and disadvantages
- 4 Purchase criteria: You can use these factors to compare and evaluate fire doors
- 5 Trivia: Worth knowing facts about fire doors